In the production of honey where hives with a very large volume are used, the queens due to the large surface of the egg are depleted quickly and in a year or two we have to change them in order to be economically profitable. At the same time, the queens with a defective conformation must be replaced, as well as the inappropriate ones.
The optimal period of change is at the end of summer harvest when old queens show signs of fatigue and are replaced by young queens that intensify beekeeping for the winter, and at the beginning of the next season contributes to the rapid development of families to capitalize on early harvests. of nectar. In conclusion, 50% of the queen herd must be changed every year to have good results!
The bee usually shows hostile behavior towards newly introduced queens even if they are orphans. Of course, this behavior is influenced by several factors such as: the quality of the queen, the condition of the bee family, the harvest, the skill of the beekeeper, the season, etc .. The researchers’ observations led to the conclusion that beautiful, warm, windless weather, harvested in nature and with stimulating feeding are more easily accepted.
Paired queens are more easily accepted than unpaired queens. The optimal orphanage time is 2, 3 hours.
They can be placed in the family in a transport cage or directly without this transport cage.
“Selected queens” method of changing queens, introducing or introducing two queens to the same family.
The method is simple and with 100% acceptance.
This method was designed to gain customers’ trust that they receive good quality and mated queens. It also eliminates the risk of losing queens through the methods known and used so far, thus benefiting from everything they bought.
The method will be presented in 5 steps, which must be followed by the beekeeper who changes or introduces a young queen to a swarm or family.
Step 1 - Day One
It is the day we order queens and we will receive them the next day.
From the family whose queen we want to change, we extract a frame with a captive brood (ripe, ready to hatch) and put it in a cat (suitable for the frame), over which we shake another bee frame from the larval brood young, nursing, docile who is more friendly with the queen).
The old queen remains in the basic hive, over which the cat with the captive brood frame is placed, isolated from it by a mosquito net and closes with a platform provided with a slit to form an upper warp through which the bee can emerge.
Step 2 - the second day
The ordered queens have arrived!
Break the door from the transport cage and insert it in the upper corner where there is a frame with a captive brood and a covering bee, next to which another frame with honey is added.
Step 3 - the fourth day
We check if the queen has been released and if she has laid an egg.
If it has not been released, we release it by opening the window of the transport box and check on the fifth day if it has laid an egg.
If she laid an egg, we go to the basic cat, look for the old queen and take her out of there. The mosquito net separator remains for another day after which it is removed.
Step 4 - the fourth day
We take the old queen out of the base hive.
Step 5 - Day Five
We take out the mosquito net around 10 – 12, and in the evening when the bees from the top and the ones below meet and accept the young queen, the frame goes down in the basic cat.
Classical methods of introducing queens
From the studies performed so far with these classical methods the success of changing or introducing queens is not 100%.
We go to the family whose queen we want to change, we find the frame with the old queen and in the same place where the old queen was, the young queen is placed. It is good for the young queen to be encased in a little honey. The acceptance percentage is small!
The basic principle of this introduction is to isolate the queen in a cage with which she is introduced to the bee family and release her bee by consuming sherbet. For good acceptance, we must take into account a few aspects: the family should not be orphaned for more than two hours, there should be no lack of stimulation, the cage should be introduced next to the larval brood where the nurse bees are usually and the accompanying bee should be released.
The cage can be: even a square-shaped wire mesh, which is placed on a frame with a brood ready to hatch in which the young queen is placed.